2 edition of Use of a pheromone to cause copulation between two species of cerambycids found in the catalog.
Use of a pheromone to cause copulation between two species of cerambycids
Jimmy R Galford
by Dept. of Agriculture, Forest Service, Northeastern Forest Experiment Station in Broomall, Pa
Written in English
Bibliography: p. 2
|Statement||Jimmy R. Galford|
|Series||USDA Forest Service research note NE -- 289|
|Contributions||United States. Forest Service, Northeastern Forest Experiment Station (Radnor, Pa.)|
|The Physical Object|
|Pagination||2 p. ;|
The concept of a human pheromone, or sexual scent of attraction, has been debated and researched for years. In most animals, the relationship between pheromones and mating is straightforward. Cerambycidae of the World species (e.g., the Monochamus and Megacyllene species, reviewed in Hanks ) had concluded that these species did not use long-range attractant pheromones, whereas we now have abundant evidence— from multiple species in the ˜ve major subfamilies—that the use of volatile pheromones is widespread.
1. Introduction. Most longhorned beetle species are considered secondary forest pests, but those in the genus Monochamus Dejean (Coleoptera: Cerambycidae) have become economically important worldwide as they vector the pine wood nematode, Bursaphelenchus xylophilus (Steiner and Buhrer) (Linit and Akbulut, ), which causes pine wilt disease (PWD) in vulnerable pine species . longhorned beetles (Coleoptera: Cerambycidae). Longhorned beetles use cuticular hydrocarbons as contact pheromones, and for many species, the chemicals that serve as contact pheromones have been identified, or their activity at least demonstrated (reviewed by Ginzel ; also see.
Sex pheromone activity may be exclusive to a single species but commonly may be shared between several related species. Thus, the sex pheromone, (Z, E)-9,tetradecadienyl acetate (TDA, also known as ZETA), is active not only against Plodia interpunctella but also against at least four other of its pyralid relatives. This pheromone-induced attraction may even lead to fighting between males of the species to determine who will have the privilege of being the female’s mating partner. How Pheromones Are Sensed. In humans, sex pheromones are invisible and odorless, yet they are still sensed through the nasal passages.
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Additional Physical Format: Online version: Galford, Jimmy R. Use of a pheromone to cause copulation between two species of cerambycids. Broomall, Pa.: Dept. of Agriculture, Forest Service, Northeastern Forest Experiment Station, Research since has shown that the use of volatile attractants and pheromones is widespread in the large beetle family Cerambycidae, with pheromones now identified from more than species.
Sexual behavior between males and females, as well as between males, is described and discussed for the cerambycid beetlePhytoecia rufiventris. The beetles' taxis toward plants taller than average height brings the sexes together from a distance.
A male may mount another individual (male or female) and attempt copulation without sex discrimination. The Cited by: In addition to volatile pheromones that act over a distance, there is ample evidence that male cerambycids in all of the species subsets discussed above use contact sex pheromones to.
Volatile sex attractant pheromones are detected by olfactory receptors, whereas contact pheromones are perceived as contact or gustatory stimuli (Nojima et al. Both attractant and contact pheromones may be important for mating success and, in some species, the two types of pheromones are used sequentially (Nojima et al.
).Cited by: Extensive studies have revealed that CHCs act as contact sex pheromones in the mating of some coleopteran species, such as Coccinellidae , Curculionidae , and Cerambycidae. Galford, J. Use of a pheromone to cause copulation between two species of cerambycids.
USDA Forest Service Res. Note NE Google Scholar. Hedin, P. A., G. McKibben, E. Mitchell & W. Johnson Identification and field evaluation of the compounds comprising the sex pheromone of the female boll weevil. Cerambycidae) to. The longhorned beetle Arhopalus rusticus (Coleoptera: Cerambycidae, Spondylinae) is a common species in conifer forests of the Northern Hemisphere, but with global trade, it has invaded and become.
In the last decade, the pheromones of a small number of insect species have also been exploited for conservation pur-poses,with pheromone-baitedtrapsbeingusedtomonitor the presence of rare and threatened species that are otherwise dif-ficult to survey (Larsson ).
This includes some longhorn beetles, such as species from the genera Prionus. Although the number of species in the Cerambycidae that have been analyzed is small, the chemistry of the exocrine secretions appears to be quite diverse.
Only for species of the same genus (Phoracantha) was there any overlap in compounds. J.R. GalfordUse of a pheromone to cause copulation between two species of cerambycids. USDA For. Res. Several species have been shown to rely upon the transfer of an antiaphrodisiac from male to female during mating, the effect of which is to reduce.
The Truth About Pheromones Yes, scientists say, your airborne compounds send signals about your moods, your sexual orientation and even your genetic makeup. Similar to previous work, our experiments confirmed that (R)hydroxyhexanone was the main pheromone component of the species, but we also found that (R)methylbutanol is a previously unreported minor pheromone component, and that the blend of these two compounds constitutes the male-produced aggregation-sex pheromone of P.
Pheromones are often involved in the mating behavior between males and females in which the chemical serves as an attractant for one of the sexes. Following emergence from the cocoon, female Cecropia moths crawl a short distance away and broadcast a pheromone early in the morning that serves as an attractant for flying males.
identified. A greater understanding of the use of contact pheromones in ancestral subfamilies will lend insight into the evolution of mating systems in the Cerambycidae. Mallodon dasystomus, the hardwood stump borer, is a widely distributed prionine that is native to the southern u.s.
species-by-species basis; studies thus far have only assessed a few species (Holland et al. In order to use pheromone- and ethanol-baited traps to study cerambycid dispersal, we must first understand the response of cerambycids to these traps.
Whereas a variety of traps have been used to catch cerambycids and other saproxylic beetles. They use olfactory cues to direct social behavior, including mate attraction, courtship, mating, egg-laying, foraging for food, and colony defense. Pheromones are released by insects and other organisms into the environment in order to communicate with others of the same species.
Whenever you hear or read about pheromones, your mind is likely to focus on animals. Humans have limited their understanding of pheromones to animal mating. What many fail to realize is that pheromones have several uses.
To appreciate these diverse uses, you would need to understand that pheromones are chemicals that a. Objective 3. To test whether circadian patterns of pheromone release and response limit cross attraction among sympatric species that use the same pheromone components. We will test for differences between species in diel periodicity in attraction to pheromones by monitoring traps at hourly intervals for hour periods.
Species attracted in significant numbers to a particular treatment (some in multiple regions) included 19 species in the subfamily Cerambycinae, 15 species in the Lamiinae, one species in the Prioninae, and two species in the Spondylidinae.
Pheromones or likely pheromones for many of these species, such as 3-hydroxyhexanone and. Because long-range pheromones are frequently conserved among closely related species of cerambycids, we evaluated two components of the volatile pheromone produced by males of the congener A.
glabripennis (Motschulsky), 4-(n -heptyloxy)butanol and 4-(n -heptyloxy)butanal, as potential pheromones of A.The most widespread use of pheromones has been for monitoring endemic pest species’ adult populations.
Comprehensive apple IPM programs that were initiated in New York State and Michigan during the early s were based on good, species-speciﬁc monitoring traps for the complex of tortricid moth pests that cause direct and indirect damage.By far the greatest use of insect pheromones has been for monitoring existing populations and detecting the presence of invasive species.
Monitoring with pheromone traps allows for other, curative measures such as insecticide applications or cultural/biological controls to be implemented intelligently.
Mating disruption has taken its place in.